Treść głównego artykułu


The catalogue of copyright exceptions and limitations that allow the making of copies and exchanges of works in formats accessible to people with disabilities is one
of the greatest achievements of the modern copyright system. The creation of such a catalogue was not only a response to the needs of persons with disabilities but also
a signal for the further development of digital technologies to assist persons with disabilities to participate in society on an equal and non-discriminatory basis. Nevertheless, progress in the field of new digital technologies supporting the transformation of the content of works into accessible formats – especially as regards the production of spatial forms – has not been properly systematised within the international law, which may result in infringements
of authors’ moral rights. The author points to the legal grounds for transforming works into spatially accessible formats and the resulting potential infringements of the original work author’s moral rights.

Słowa kluczowe

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Marrakesh Treaty, moral rights, copyright law Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Marrakesh Treaty, moral rights, copyright law

Szczegóły artykułu


  1. Barta Janusz, Ryszard Markiewicz, Prawo autorskie. Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer, 2010.
  2. Barta Janusz, System prawa prywatnego, t. XIII, Prawo autorskie, red. Janusz Bart. Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer, 2013.
  3. Brown Ralph, „Adherence to the Berne Copyright Convention: The Moral Rights Issue” Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A., No. 3 (1988): 196-209.
  4. Della Fina Valentina, Rachele Cera, Giuseppe Palmisano, The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 1st ed. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2017.
  5. Ginsburg Jane C., Sam Ricketson, International Copyrights and Neighbouring Rights. The Berne Conventions and Beyond, vol. I, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
  6. Grzybowski Stanisław, System prawa cywilnego, red. Witold Czachórski, t. I, Część ogólna. Wrocław: Ossolineum, 1985.
  7. Helfer Laurence R., „Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Conflict or Coexistence?” Minnesota Intellectual Property Review, No. 1 (2003).
  8. Helfer Laurence, Molly Land, Ruth L. Okediji, Jerome Reichman, The World Blind Union Guide to the Marrakesh Treaty: Facilitating Access to Books for Print-Disabled Individuals. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  9. Huczkowski Marcin, Ochrona autorskich praw osobistych w powszechnym prawie międzynarodowym. Warszawa: Centrum Doradztwa i Informacji Difin, 2016.
  10. International Perspectives on Disability Exceptions in Copyright Law and the Visual Arts. Feeling art, ed. Jani McCutcheon, Ana Ramalho. London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2021.
  11. Jacobs Samuel, „The Effect of the 1886 Berne Convention on the U.S. Copyright System’s Treatment of Moral Rights and Copyright Term, and Where That Leaves Us Today” Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review, No. 1 (2016): 169-190.
  12. Kaufman Roy, „The Berne Convention and American Protection of Artists’ Moral Rights: Requirements, Limits and Misconceptions” ColumbiaVLA Journal of Law & the Arts, No. 3 (1990-1991).
  13. Ong Burton, „Why Moral Rights Matter: Recognizing the Intrinsic Value of Integrity Rights” The Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, No. 5 (2003).
  14. Plaisant Robert, „Droit de Suite and Droit Moral under the Berne Convention” Columbia-VLA Journal of Law & the Arts, No. 1 (1986).
  15. Ricketson Sam, Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. London: Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary College: Kluwer, 1987.
  16. Suhl Natalie, „Moral Rights Protection in the United States Under the Berne Convention: A Fictional Work?” Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal, No. 4 (2002): 1203-1228.
  17. Wyrwiński Michał, Autorskie prawa osobiste w obrocie prawnym. Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer, 2019.